Microdiscectomy spine surgery is typically performed for lumbar herniated
disc. This procedure is performed through a small incision (< 1 inch)
in the midline of the low back. A small portion of the bone over the nerve
root and disc material from under the nerve is removed to relieve neural
impingement and provide room for the nerve to heal. The remainder of the
disc material is left in place to continue to act as a shock absorber.
This is primarily performed in patients with primarily nerve root (leg)
pain with little to no back pain.