Types of Liver Disease
Some of the most common types of liver disease include:
- Infection, including hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C
- Abnormalities of the immune system, including primary biliary cirrhosis,
primary sclerosing cholangitis, and autoimmune hepatitis
- Growths including cancer, such as liver cancer, liver adenoma, and bile
- Genetic liver diseases such as hemochromatosis, Wilson’s disease,
and hyperoxaluria and oxalosis
- Chronic and sustained alcohol abuse
- Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, which occurs when fat accumulates in the liver
What Is Liver Failure?
When a large amount of the liver is so severely damaged that the liver
no longer works, this is known as liver failure. Liver failure is typically
a life-threatening situation requiring emergency care. Acute liver failure
can happen very rapidly, within just two days, but most cases of liver
failure are caused by slow processes that occur over long periods of time.
Signs of liver failure may include:
- Early symptoms: Exhaustion, loss of appetite, diarrhea, and nausea
- Late symptoms: Bleeding easily, exhaustion, coma, swollen belly, confusion
How Is Liver Failure Treated
If the liver failure is caused by a long-term condition, your doctor may
try to save the part of the liver that still works. When this is not possible,
the only option left is liver transplantation. This is a failure common
surgical procedure with a high success rate.