General Surgery Conditions
General Surgeons at Washington Township Medical Foundation
This page contains information about conditions treated through our general
surgery department at Washington Township Medical Foundation in Fremont.
Our patients come to us from throughout the Bay Area, Oakland, the Silicon
Valley, and surrounding communities. We are known for a high standard
of excellence and a commitment to best practices in patient care. We are
pleased to be able to give our patients reason for confidence in our services.
A general surgeon must have extensive knowledge regarding a broad range
of illnesses and conditions that may necessitate surgical treatment, including:
Adrenal Tumor – An adrenal gland tumor can cause a wide range of symptoms include
extreme sweating, hypertension / high blood pressure, low potassium levels,
anxiety, heart palpitations, stomach pain, diabetes, weakness, weight
gain or loss, excessive hair growth, altered libido, and genitalia changes.
Breast Cancer – Breast cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the cells of
the breast. Women are much more likely to develop breast cancer than men,
but it can occur in men. Symptoms can include a lump in the breast tissue,
discharge from the nipple containing blood, or changes to the texture
or the shape of the breast or nipple. Symptoms are not always clearly
present, which is why regular screening—including self-screening—is
Colon Cancer – The colon is located at the lower end of the digestive tract. This
condition describes cancer either of the colon or of the rectum. In some
cases, the cancer begins in the form of benign polyps that do not cause
symptoms. However, a colonoscopy screening can detect these polyps.
Colon Polyps – If a colonoscopy detects colon polyps, your doctor may recommend
surgical removal of the polyps. Colon polyps are small groups of cells
that collect on the colon lining. While these polyps are usually non-cancerous,
they can develop into cancer over time.
Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis – Diverticula are little sacs or out-pouches that bulge out in the
direction of the large intestine / colon, occurring in the gastrointestinal
(GI) tract wall. There are several conditions that fall under the category
of diverticular disease. Diverticulosis occurs when numerous diverticula
develop, often due to strain during bowel movements such as may be caused
by constipation. This condition is quite common, occurring to 10% of adults
over age 40 and 50% of adults over the age of 60. Diverticulitis is a
condition that occurs when one or more diverticula becomes inflamed or
infected. While there are no symptoms of diverticulosis, symptoms of diverticulitis
may include diarrhea / constipation; pain, tenderness, and cramping in
the abdomen; and a fever or chills.
Enlarged Spleen – What causes a splenomegaly—the medical term for an enlarged
spleen? In some cases, an enlarged sleep can simply be indicative of an
overactive spleen, perhaps caused by a blood disorder. In other cases,
an enlarged spleen may indicate cirrhosis or scarring of the liver, other
liver conditions, infections, lymph system disorders, certain cancers
such as leukemia or lymphoma, trauma caused by an injury, or the presence
of a cyst or abscess. Inflammatory diseases such as lupus or rheumatoid
arthritis can also cause splenomegaly.
Gallstones – Gallstones are small, hard deposits that develop in the gallbladder
fluid. The gallbladder is a small organ found beneath the liver. In some
cases, gallstones do not cause symptoms. If you do experience symptoms,
you will likely need surgical gallstone removal.
GERD – Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs when the tiny ring
of muscle between the stomach and the esophagus, which is called the lower
esophageal sphincter (LES), is weak or defective and allows stomach contents
to back up into the esophagus. This can cause heartburn or acid indigestion.
Some cases do require surgery in order to fix.
Hemorrhoid – Hemorrhoids are swollen veins around the anus / rectum. This condition
can cause significant bleeding and discomfort. In most cases, hemorrhoids
are caused by obesity, pregnancy, or straining during bowel movements,
such as may be caused by constipation.
Hernia – A hernia occurs when there is an abnormal opening in the body that
allows for the protrusion of an organ or tissue through the opening. In
most cases, hernias affect the intestine or stomach. While some cases
can simply be monitored and do not require surgery, others necessitate
surgical closure of the opening.
Ruptured Spleen – The spleen is an organ in the abdomen that contains a special kind
of white blood cells that can help your body fight off infections while
producing and removing red blood cells. A splenic rupture is an emergency,
causing blood to flood into the abdomen, often as a result of direct trauma,
though some illnesses and conditions can also cause the spleen to rupture
such as malaria, disorders of the blood, and infectious mononucleosis.
Thyroid Conditions – The thyroid is a gland located at the base of the neck. It is shaped
somewhat like a butterfly. This gland helps regulate the body’s
metabolic processes. Some conditions affecting the thyroid may require
surgery. Examples of thyroid diseases include hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism,
thyroid cancer, and thyroid nodules.