What Is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis is a disease that affects the bones. This condition is caused
by reduced bone mineral density. This can leak to brittle, fragile bones.
Osteoporosis is very common; as many as 55% of people in the United States
over the age of 50 have low bone density. This is a condition that does
not have symptoms. The first sign of osteoporosis could be a bone fracture.
It is important to speak with your Fremont physiatrist about how to avoid
this condition and steps you can take to protect yourself.
Risk Factors for Osteoporosis
Various factors can increase your risk of developing this condition, including:
- Advanced age
- Sex; women are more likely to develop osteoporosis than men
- Body mass index (BMI)
Family history of
- Personal history of bone fractures
- High alcohol consumption
- Sedentary lifestyle / lack of physical activity
- Vitamin D deficiency
- For women, low estrogen levels
- For men, low testosterone levels
- Anorexia / bulimia
- Certain medications
- Endocrine disorders
- Insufficient calcium intake
How Is Osteoporosis Diagnosed?
Your doctor can determine if you may have osteoporosis by looking at your
blood cell count, liver enzymes, vitamin D, calcium, and other measures.
In most cases, however, osteoporosis is not diagnosed until a bone fracture—such
as a hip fracture—occurs. Your physiatrist may recommend calcium
and / or vitamin D supplements. Other aspects of your treatment approach
may include medication, an exercise plan, and / or participation in physical
therapy. See your doctor of physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R)
at Washington Township Medical Foundation to learn more about preventing
or managing osteoporosis.